U.S.S. Amphitrite (BM-2)
1917 Nov. 4 L 0-85 at Montana Field Club, Stapleton, Staten Island
|•The U.S.S. Amphritite guarded New York Harbor during the First World War, laying down the iron wire anti-submarine net from Sandy Hook to Rockaway Point that kept U-boats out of the harbor at night; by day the Amphitrite patrolled the harbor entrance. Laid down and later guarded the nets off Rosebank, Staten Island, assigned to the 3rd Naval District. Examined all ships entering or leaving the harbor.|
|The U.S. monitor Amphitrite (BM-2), with the aid of tugs and derricks, laying across the narrows below quarantine.
The buoys from which are suspended the stell nets closing the harbor to submarines. (N.Y. Times, 2/25/1917,)
|•The Monitor class ship was begun in 1874, an iron-hulled, twin-screw coastal defense monitor. The U. S. Navy was barred by Congress from building new ships, but was allowed to repair surrendered Confederate Monitor ships. In order to circumvent the congressional ban on new ships, Secretary of the Navy George Robeson had new Monitors built with the same names as the old Rebel craft. The Puritan was one, the Amphitrite the other. Due to the ensuing scandal, , by the time it was launched in 1883, the Amphitrite was obsolete. Rebuilt and finally commissioned in 1894, it was obsolete still. Slow, unable to travel long distances, the twin-turreted Amphitrite was towed to fight in the Caribbean during the Spanish American War. Towed into battle by the battleship Iowa at not over 7 knots in open seas. Bombarded San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 12, 1898. The heat from the lack of ventilation on board proved deadly to one turret gunner. Later operated blockade duties off Key West and Cape Haitien, Haiti. This was the 2nd U.S. Navy ship to bear the name Amphitrite.|
|•See the U.S.S. Amphitrite in Boston Navy Yard in the 1890's. Here she is at sea. This bird's eye view (c.1895) reveals the floating bathtub Monitor dimensions.|
|•Postwar, the U.S.S. Amphitrite was a gunnery training ship to 1901, then a training ship, 1902-1903 at Newport Naval Training Station, a station ship at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 1904-1907. Placed in commission as the reservist training ship at St. Louis, 1910, then at New Orleans, 1912-1916. Loaned to the Naval Militia of Connecticut, 1916-1917. Guardship at New York 1917-1919.|
|•On June 13, 1917 the steamship Manchuria collided with the Amphitrite in thick fog in the harbor. The Manchuria was abandoned, towed and beached. The Amphitrite went on with its duties. On December 14, 1917 the British steamship British Isles ran into the Amphitrite in a heavy snow squall, damaging both the Amphitrite and the nets, as well.|
|•The first U.S.S. Amphitrite was also a two turreted Monitor class ship which began as the U.S.S. Tonawanda launched 1865 in Philadelphia, renamed the U.S.S. Amphitrite in 1869 and scrapped in 1874. This was the Amphitrite that was supposed to be rebuilt. She was a training ship at the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis 1866 to 1872 (Also seen on the left in this c.1869 view at Annapolis.).|
|•The second USS Amphitrite was sold in 1920, and converted into a floating hotel. Using mainly just the hull, the 300 by 40 foot surface of the ship had three levels built upon it and became a 75 room hotel and gambling casino, berthing at a different location each season beginning 1926 at Beaufort, South Carolina. In 1927 it was the Palm Beach Hotel on Lake Worth off Barton Avenue. In 1929, it was a floating country club a half mile off of Port Washington on the north shore (the Gold Coast) of Long Island. The U.S.S. Amphitrite as a Hotel Ship at unidentified location, and at Georgetown, South Carolina.|
|It continued in this way, towed season to season, until 1943 when the U.S. Navy chartered it back as lodging boat (barracks) for Elizabeth City, N.C. during the building of that navy yard. After the war, the former gunboat returned to hotel status. Towed to Sandy Point, Maryland and used as a floating restaurant and Hotel Ship in 1950, but sold 1951.|
|•Plans to refit the 70 year old iron-hulled ship for use as an oil exploration support ship for the Venezualan oil fields did not pan out and she was scrapped in 1952|
|•A motor tug named Amphitrite, built at Norfolk, Va. in 1918, was taken over by the Navy in May, 1918 as the third U.S.S. Amphitrite; renamed in November the U.S.S. Nerita. Stricken 1919, transferred to War Department 1920.|
|•Amphitrite was the Greek Sea-Goddess, one of the Nereides (sea-nymphs), Queen of the Sea (Roman Salacia), goddess of the gold spindle, stiller of winds, calmer of stormy seas. Traveling in a boat made of mussells. Daughter of Oceanus; her lover was Poseiden (Neptune), her son the fish-man, Triton, her daughter Rhodes; they lived in a golden palace at the bottoms of the sea. Amphitrite, mother of the seals and the dolphins. Poseiden proposed after seeing her dancing on the Isle of Naxos, but she refused, and fled to Atlas. Poseiden sent a dolphin to plead his case. She changed her mind. In gratitude Poseiden placed an image of a dolphin amongst the stars.|
|•See the Fountain of Amphitrite at the United States Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point, Long Island|
|•See the Fountain of Amphitrite at Place Stanislas, Nancy, France|
| * See
ª Triumph of Neptune and Amphitrite, Constantine (Algeria), circa 315-325 AD, marble, limestone, and glass
ª "The Triumph of Neptune and Amphitrite", a painting (c.1610) by Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) the Philadelphia Museum of Art: The George W. Elkins Collection.
ª Jan Gossaert's Neptune and Amphitrite, 1516. Oil on panel. Gemäldegalerie, Berlin, Germany.
ª Dufy Raoul's "Amphitrite"
ª Eugene Delacroix's Triumph of Amphitrite, 1861
ª Neptune and Amphitrite by Jacob de Gheyn II (1565-1629)
ª Here is a Michel Anguier marble sculpture of Amphitrite, 1680 (Louvre)
ª Jerry Joslin's sculpture of Amphitrite (Genesis Gallery, Hawaii)
|•Amphitrite on a Corinthian plaque from Penteskouphia (575-59 B.C.), at the Louvre.|
|•Amphitrite is an asteroid (diameter: 136.08029109997614 miles) that takes 4.08 years to orbit the sun. Discovered Sept. 13, 1850 by J.R. Hind of London. Here is an Amphitrite Occultation, Oct. 4, 2006|
| •Amphitrite johnstoni is a bizarre-looking marine annelid worm of sheltered muddy and sandy shores.
ª Amphitrite (Class Polychaeta).
ª Balanus amphitrite is a striped barnacle discovered by Darwin, 1854. Native range southwestern Pacific and Indian Oceans, Hawaii; here is its Cypris larvae
• see: Balanus amphitrite Darwin. Also see: here.
ª Amphitrite Ornata is particularly pretty
|•Amphitrite on a seashell on an Australian Postage Stamp! • Amphitrite the flower!|
|•Amphitrite Point Lighthouse is on the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia just south of Ucluelet. More Amphitrite Lighthouse history can be found here.|
|•The Amphitrite Hotel is near Pothia on Kalymnos Island, Greece in the Dodecanese.|
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This list compiled and designed by P.S. Luchter.
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